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止血带急救方法

    止血带急救方法
    First aid method of tourniquet
    选定止血带的部位后,应先在该处垫好布条,把止血带拉紧,缠肢体两周打结,松紧要适宜,以观察伤口不出血为度。上止血带要记好时间,冬天每隔半小时、夏天每隔1小时要放松半分钟,然后再绑起来。再绑时部位要上、下略加移动。对大出血病人,应在上止血带的同时,尽快送医院治疗。
    After choosing the part of tourniquet, we should first lay cloth strip in this place, tighten the tourniquet, tie the limbs for two weeks, tighten it appropriately to observe the wound does not bleed. The tourniquet should be kept in mind. It should be relaxed for half a minute every half hour in winter and every hour in summer, and then tied up. When re-binding, the position should be slightly moved up and down. Patients with massive hemorrhage should be hospitalized as soon as possible while wearing tourniquet.
    要用无菌水(煮沸后的水)清洗伤口,并且用干净的指头轻轻找出深层的动脉,用消毒线小心扎住动脉。这是开放性的伤口被触及的第一次。
    Wash the wound with sterile water (boiled water), gently locate the deep artery with clean fingers, and carefully tie the artery with sterile thread. This is the first time an open wound has been touched.
    如果动脉断裂得很彻底,末端可能会萎缩,寻找会很困难。当你确信动脉在某小块组织中时,可以用大号的针将整个组织都缝扎起来。
    If the artery ruptures thoroughly, the end may atrophy, making it difficult to find. When you are confident that the artery is in a small piece of tissue, you can sew up the whole tissue with a large needle.
    检查手术是否成功的同时,尽快松开止血的绷带,弄清楚导致出血的动脉,是否仅仅是包扎完毕的那一条血管。如果发现仍会流血,应立即重新扎上止血带,继续寻找破裂的血管。组织中会有其他的小血管,它们会提供肢体维持生理代谢所必需的血液,维持循环。
    While checking the success of the operation, loosen the hemostatic bandage as soon as possible to find out whether the artery causing the bleeding is only the one that has been bandaged. If bleeding still occurs, the tourniquet should be re-tied immediately and the ruptured blood vessels should be continued to be searched. There are other small blood vessels in the tissue that provide the blood necessary for the body to maintain physiological metabolism and maintain circulation.
    不要把止血带留在原处。
    Don't leave the tourniquet in place.