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卡扣式止血带怎么制作

    卡扣式止血带怎么制作
    How to make buckle tourniquet
    卡扣式止血带是临床护理工作中必不可少的用具。临床静脉输液、抽血时常用的止血带为直径0.6cm乳胶管止血带。此种止血带存在以下不足:止血带为圆柱状,易滑脱,不易扎紧;在止血带交叉打结时,易使皮肤扭曲,使病人感到疼痛;在阻断表浅静脉同时动脉亦被阻断,肢体远端动脉血流减少,导致静脉充盈不良,皮肤发绀;操作繁琐,一次不易扎紧,影响工作效率。为了减少上述现象的发生,我们设计了一种医用卡扣式止血器,经临床使用,效果良好。现介绍如下。1制作方法1.1用物医用卡扣式止血器,有塑料卡扣一个,长度约45cm的宽扁止血带1根。1.2制作方法医用卡扣式止血器结构见图1。将止血带一端打螺丝,放入一卡扣环内。另一端放入另一侧卡扣环内,使止血带呈一环状。1—卡扣体;2—右侧孔;3—左侧孔;4—止血带;5—卡片;6—卡头;1医用卡扣式止血器结构示意图1.3使用方法使用医用卡扣式止血器时,将卡扣中的卡片按下,使卡扣的内外孔对齐,将止血带穿过卡扣中的内外卡孔并将末端打结,形成盲端,另一端从同一侧再次穿过卡扣中另外的内外卡孔即可。静脉输液、抽血时,将本止血器套在穿刺点上方5cm处,将尾巴塑料件端一拉,即可将其固定拉紧。
    The buckle tourniquet is an indispensable tool in clinical nursing work. The common tourniquet used in clinical intravenous infusion and blood extraction is 0.6 cm latex tube tourniquet. This tourniquet has the following shortcomings: the tourniquet is cylindrical, easy to slip and not easy to tighten; when the tourniquet is cross-knotted, it is easy to twist the skin and make the patient feel pain; when the superficial vein is blocked, the artery is blocked at the same time, the blood flow of the distal limb artery is reduced, resulting in poor venous filling and cyanosis of the skin; the operation is cumbersome, and it is not easy to tighten at one time, which affects the work efficiency. In order to reduce the occurrence of the above phenomena, we designed a medical buckle hemostat, which has been used clinically and achieved good results. Here is an introduction. Method 1.1 Medical clip hemostat with a plastic clip and a wide flat tourniquet about 45 cm in length. 1.2 The structure of the medical buckle hemostat is shown in Fig. 1. Screw one end of tourniquet and put it into a clasp ring. The other end is put into the clasp ring on the other side to make the tourniquet ring. 1-clip body; 2-right side hole; 3-left side hole; 4-tourniquet; 5-card; 6-card head; 1 medical clip hemostat structure schematic Figure 1.3 Use method of medical clip hemostat, press the card in the clip button, align the inside and outside hole of the clip button, pass the tourniquet through the inside and outside hole of the clip button and tie the end to form a blind end, the other end passes through the clip again from the same side. Internal and external cards can be used. When intravenous infusion and blood drawing, the hemostat is set 5 cm above the puncture point, and the plastic end of the tail is pulled to fix and tighten it.